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What is Influenza ?

Influenza is a viral infection that attacks your respiratory. Influenza is commonly called the flu. For most people, influenza resolves on its own. But sometimes, influenza and its complications can be deadly.

What causes Influenza ?

Flu viruses travel through the air in droplets when someone with the infection coughs, sneezes or talks. You can inhale the droplets directly, or you can pick up the germs from an object such as a telephone or door knobs and then transfer them to your eyes, nose or mouth.

People with the virus are likely contagious from the day or so before symptoms first appear until about five days after symptoms begin, though sometimes people are contagious for as long as 10 days after symptoms appear. Children and people with weakened immune systems may be contagious for a slightly longer time.

Who is at risk of developing Influenza?

People at higher risk of developing flu complications include:

  • Young children under 5, and especially those under 2 years
  • Adults older than 65
  • Residents of nursing homes and other long-term care facilities
  • Pregnant women and women up to two weeks postpartum
  • People with weakened immune systems
  • People who have chronic illnesses, such as asthma, heart disease, kidney disease and diabetes
  • People who are very obese, with a body mass index (BMI) of 40 or higher

How can I prevent Influenza ?

Your best defense against influenza is to receive an annual vaccination.

What are the symptoms of Influenza ?

Initially, the flu may seem like a common cold with a runny nose, sneezing and sore throat. The flu tends to come on suddenly.

Common signs and symptoms of the flu include:

  • Fever over 100.4 F (38 C)
  • Aching muscles, especially in your back, arms and legs
  • Chills and sweats
  • Headache
  • Dry, persistent cough
  • Fatigue and weakness
  • Nasal congestion
  • Sore throat

How can I get tested for Influenza A or B ?

We provide a Rapid point of care Molecular test for detection of Influenza A &B. This test can be done in the office with reliable results available in just 15 minutes. Schedule an appointment to be tested for Influenza A and B. 714-916-0952.

When should I see a doctor ?

If you have flu symptoms and are at risk of complications, see your doctor right away. Taking antiviral drugs within the first 48 hours after you first notice symptoms may reduce the length of your illness and help prevent more-serious problems.

What are the complications of Influenza ?

But high-risk children and adults may develop complications such as:

  • Pneumonia
  • Bronchitis
  • Asthma flare-ups
  • Heart problems
  • Ear infections

How is Influenza treated?

In some cases, your doctor may prescribe an antiviral medication. If taken soon after you notice symptoms, these drugs may shorten your illness by a day or so and help prevent serious complications.