Preventive Medical Services :
Preventive Medical Services include Preventive Vaccinations and Cancer Screening
Preventive Vaccinations :
Why do I need Vaccinations ?
Immunizations are not just for children. Protection from some childhood vaccines can wear off over time. You may also be at risk for vaccine-preventable disease due to your age, job, lifestyle, travel, or health conditions.
What Vaccines are Recommended for me ?
Are there additional vaccines for young adults 19 – 26 years old ?
In addition to seasonal flu (influenza) vaccine and Td or Tdap vaccine (Tetanus, diphtheria, and pertussis), you should also get:
HPV vaccine :
Protects against the human papillomaviruses that causes most cervical cancers, anal cancer, and genital warts. It is recommended for:
Meningitis vaccine. Some states require students entering colleges and universities to be vaccinated against certain diseases like meningitis due to increased risk among college students living in residential housing.
Talk with your doctor or other healthcare professional to find out which vaccines are recommended for you at your next medical appointment.
Are there additional vaccines for adults 60 years or older?
In addition to seasonal flu (influenza)vaccine and Td or Tdap vaccine (tetanus, diphtheria, and pertussis), you should also get:
Talk with your doctor or other healthcare professional to find out which vaccines are recommended for you at your next medical appointment
What Is Cancer Screening?
Screening tests can help find cancer at an early stage, before symptoms appear. When abnormal tissue or cancer is found early, it may be easier to treat or cure. By the time symptoms appear, the cancer may have grown and spread. This can make the cancer harder to treat or cure.
It is important to remember that when your doctor suggests a screening test, it does not always mean he or she thinks you have cancer. Screening tests are done when you have no cancer symptoms.
There are different kinds of screening tests.
Screening tests include the following:
Breast Cancer Screening
Mammography is the most common screening test for breast cancer. A mammogram is an x-ray of the breast. This test may find tumors that are too small to feel.
Mammograms are less likely to find breast tumors in women younger than 50 years than in older women. This may be because younger women have denser breast tissue that appears white on a mammogram.
The following may affect whether a mammogram is able to detect (find) breast cancer:
Clinical breast exam (CBE)
A clinical breast exam is an exam of the breast by a doctor or other health professional. The doctor will carefully feel the breasts and under the arms for lumps or anything else that seems unusual. It is not known if having clinical breast exams decreases the chance of dying from breast cancer.
Breast self-exams may be done by women or men to check their breasts for lumps or other changes. It is important to know how your breasts usually look and feel. If you feel any lumps or notice any other changes, talk to your doctor. Doing breast self-exams has not been shown to decrease the chance of dying from breast cancer.
MRI (magnetic resonance imaging) in women with a high risk of breast cancer
MRI is used as a screening test for women who have one or more of the following:
Colorectal Cancer Screening
Cervical Cancer Screening
Cervical cancer is a disease in which malignant (cancer) cells form in the cervix. The cervix is the lower, narrow end of the uterus (the hollow, pear-shaped organ where a fetus grows). The cervix leads from the uterus to the vagina (birth canal).
The Pap test is used to detect cancer and changes that may lead to cancer. The chance of death from cervical cancer increases with age.
Human papillomavirus (HPV) infection is the major risk factor for cervical cancer. Although most women with cervical cancer have the human papillomavirus (HPV) infection, not all women with an HPV infection will develop cervical cancer. Many different types of HPV can affect the cervix and only some of them cause abnormal cells that may become cancer. Some HPV infections go away without treatment.
A Pap test is commonly used to screen for cervical cancer. After certain positive Pap test results, an HPV test may be done.
The Pap test is not a helpful screening test for cervical cancer in the following groups of women: